New information base compiles Microsoft Configuration Supervisor assault strategies


Which means that ought to an attacker acquire entry to this account, they now have native admin on all computer systems managed by way of SCCM and might then use that entry to dump credentials and discover different accounts.

In a single occasion, penetration testers gained entry to a daily consumer’s SharePoint, who in flip had learn entry to the PXE boot media utilized by Configuration Supervisor. That is used for booting a pc from a location over the community with a purpose to remotely deploy an working system.

The PXE boot media was not password protected and included a certificates that could possibly be used to request the community entry account. That in flip account allowed the testers to extract area administrator accounts for 2 separate domains.

Furthermore, when working techniques are deployed by way of PXE by Configuration Supervisor, a job executes that robotically joins that laptop to a site. That is performed by a so-called “job sequence area be a part of account” which creates the corresponding laptop object in Energetic Listing and robotically turns into its proprietor. The difficulty is that the credentials for this account are accessible by any PXE shopper.

“Subsequently, if OSD [operating system deployment] is used to affix many computer systems (workstations or servers) to the area, the area be a part of account can have possession over all of them,” the researchers mentioned. “If a server is promoted to area controller, or granted different Tier Zero roles, the area be a part of account serves as a direct path to these belongings.”

One other frequent misuse is enrolling area controllers as shoppers in Configuration Supervisor to allow them to be remotely managed. This would possibly sound intuitive, however it’s an enormous safety threat as a result of if the Configuration Supervisor website (central server) is compromised, attackers acquire distant code execution on the area controllers by way of purposes, scripts and bundle deployments.


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