Enforcement Discover Revealed by ICO – Your Entrance Web page For Info Governance Information


On 1st March 2024, the Info Commissioner’s Workplace (ICO) introduced that it has issued an Enforcement Discover and warning to the Residence Workplace for failing to sufficiently assess the privateness dangers posed by the digital monitoring of individuals arriving within the UK through unauthorised means. (Unusually the precise textual content of the discover and warning have been solely just lately revealed; three weeks after the ICO press launch.)
The choice comes on account of Privateness Worldwide’s criticism (filed in August 2022) towards the Residence Workplace coverage. The civil liberties stress group alleged widespread and vital breaches of privateness and information safety regulation.  

The ICO had been in dialogue with the Residence Workplace since August 2022 on its pilot to put ankle tags on, and monitor the GPS location of, as much as 600 migrants who arrived within the UK and have been on immigration bail. The aim of the pilot was to check whether or not digital monitoring is an efficient method to preserve common contact with asylum claimants, whereas lowering the chance of absconding, and to determine whether or not it’s an efficient various to detention. 

The ICO discovered the Residence Workplace didn’t conduct a Knowledge Safety Impression Evaluation (DPIA), in relation to the pilot, which satisfies the necessities of Article 35 of the UK GDPR.  Amongst issues, the Residence workplace had didn’t sufficiently assess the privateness intrusion of the continual assortment of individuals’s location data.
It was additionally discovered to have breached the Accountability Precept (Article 5(2)) by failing to exhibit its compliance with Article 5(1), specifically:  

  • Article 5(1)(a) Lawfulness: the Residence Workplace recognized the lawful foundation for the processing as Article 6(1)(e), and for Particular Class Knowledge as Article 9(2)(g) and schedule 1 paragraph 6 DPA 2018. Nonetheless, it didn’t exhibit that the processing was crucial and proportionate for these functions (neither in its DPIA or employees steering) together with why much less privacy-intrusive strategies couldn’t meet its goals.  
  • Article 5(1)(a) Equity and Transparency: the Residence Workplace’s privateness discover(s) didn’t exhibit compliance with minimal transparency necessities, as set out at Articles 12 and 13. It failed to offer clear and simply accessible data to the folks being tagged about what private data is being collected, how it will likely be used, how lengthy it will likely be stored for, and who it will likely be shared with. The privateness data was not set out clearly in a single place, was inconsistent and there have been data gaps. 
  • Article 5(1)(c) Knowledge Minimisation: the Residence Workplace’s draft DPIA and steering for workers didn’t exhibit that information minimisation will likely be thought of and actioned when requesting entry to the non-public information produced by the digital tags. 

Jon Edwards, the Info Commissioner, mentioned: 

“It’s essential that the UK has acceptable checks and balances in place to make sure folks’s data rights are revered and safeguarded. That is much more vital for many who won’t even bear in mind that they’ve these rights. 

“This motion is a warning to any organisation planning to watch folks electronically – you could have the ability to show the need and proportionality of monitoring folks’s actions, bearing in mind folks’s vulnerabilities and the way such processing might put them susceptible to additional hurt. This should be achieved from the outset, not as an afterthought.” 

The Enforcement Discover orders the Residence Workplace to replace its inside insurance policies, entry steering and privateness data in relation to the information retained from the pilot scheme. The ICO has additionally issued a proper warning stating that any future processing by the Residence Workplace on the identical foundation will likely be in breach of knowledge safety regulation and can entice enforcement motion.  

Surveillance is a scorching subject for the ICO at current. Final month, the ICO issued Enforcement Notices to public service supplier Serco Leisure, Serco Jersey and 7 related neighborhood leisure trusts below the UK GDPR. The notices required the organisations to cease utilizing facial recognition expertise (FRT) and fingerprint scanning to watch worker attendance.  

The Enforcement Discover and warning are vital studying for anybody who needs to grasp the best way to full a compliant and significant DPIA. The Knowledge Safety and Digital Info Invoice is at the moment within the Committee stage of the Home of Lords. Amongst different issues, the DPIA provisions within the UK GDPR,  will likely be changed by leaner and fewer prescriptive “Assessments of Excessive-Danger Processing”.  

This and different GDPR developments will likely be mentioned by Robert Bateman in our forthcoming GDPR Replace workshop. We have now additionally simply launched our new workshop, Understanding GDPR Accountability and Conducting Knowledge Safety Audits. 


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